What To Ask...

The only wrong way to buy a puppy is not to ask any questions at all



What is your name, address, telephone number?

 Are you a member of the National Club? Regional Club?

 Can you provide me with references for you and your dogs? Availability

 Do you have any puppies now? Are you expecting a litter?

 What are your future breeding plans? Do you have a waiting list? How long?

 What is the likelihood that I might be able to get a puppy from you?

 What do I have to do regarding reservations? Do you have a reservation contract?

      If I place a deposit with you, under what conditions will/can my deposit be returned?

 Are you aware of other breeders I might contact?


Breeding Program

 How long have you been a breeder?

 How often do you breed a litter of puppies?

 How many litters have you produced? How many litters have you bred this year?

 What type of successes have your dogs had in the show ring?

 Do you breed other breeds?

 Is breeding Berners a full-time job, or a hobby?

 Do you cull your litters (and if so, on what basis)?

 What are your personal goals in your breeding program?

      What can you tell me about the longevity background of the dogs in your pedigree?

      What is the oldest Bernese you have produced? What have your dogs died of and at what ages?


Parents of Puppies

      Sire's stats (name, height, weight, etc.) and dam's stats (name, height, weight, etc.)?

 Can I see either or both parents in person or photographs? Other family members?

 Can I have a copy of pedigrees on current and future litters?

 What titles, awards, have these dogs won/been awarded?

 What are the strengths and weaknesses of the sire and dam?

 Why did you decide to breed these two dogs?

Hip & Elbow Dysplasia, OCD


      What can you tell me about the orthopedic background of the dogs in your pedigree (and siblings)?

 Are parents and grandparents clear (for hips and elbows)?

 Is this information clearly available on your pedigree?

Are the parents certified by (OVC, OFA, GDC, etc.)? What are the certification numbers?

Statistically speaking, what have you been producing as far as clear orthopedics in your litters? 


Other Health Issues

      Have there been reported cases of cancer in your line? If so, what type(s) and where in the pedigree has it occurred? Histiocytosis?

 Has either of the parents been assessed for thyroid problems?

Has there been, to your knowledge, any history of Lymphocytosis? Bloat? autoimmune Diseases? Allergies? Lupus? Immune Mediated Meningitis? Renal Failure? Seizures (including "fly snapping syndrome")? Other?

 Are the parents certified free from hereditary eye disease? PRA (progressive retinal atrophy)? Cataracts?

 Have any puppies you bred had any of these problems?

 Were there any developmental health problems with the siblings in this litter (i.e., parvo, worms, etc.)? Other litters of the same parents?



 Will there be a contract? What is included?

 Can I have a copy of your contract to review?

 What guarantees are given under the contract?

 At what level does the guarantee come into effect, and who or what decides this?

 If there is a replacement puppy, what happens to the initial dog purchased?

 How do you differentiate between pet and show quality puppies?

 How much for a show quality puppy? How much for a pet quality puppy?

 Do you require spaying/neutering for pet quality pups?

 Do you require that puppies be sold with a co-ownership? If so, what are my obligations?


Early Development Issues/Placement

 What type of temperaments are you producing? Do you temperament test?

 Have your temperaments and working ability in your dogs/line been confirmed through obedience, draft, tracking or agility competition?

 At what age do you let your puppies go?

 What will you be providing me in terms of information with the puppy?

 Will he/she be crate trained when I get this puppy?

 What do you recommend (or not recommend) for feeding the pups?

 What vitamin supplements (if any) are recommended?

 Are your dogs kennel or housedogs? Are your puppies raised in the kennel or house?

 Tell me your thoughts on immunization for this pup? X-rays? Elbow and hip certification?


You will find that most Bernese breeders are very inquisitive about prospective purchasers. Expect to be asked lots of questions about your family, your home, your lifestyle, your job and your schedule. Any reputable breeder will want to make sure that potential owners are knowledgeable and committed, and that a Bernese Mountain Dog is a suitable choice under the circumstances. Answer honestly...it is not a test. And remember, just as you have the right not to buy from a certain breeder, every breeder has their own criteria for deciding where their puppies are placed.

As a buyer, you should be focused on finding a breeder that you both like and respect. You should have the same or similar views on development and training issues. You should understand and agree with the breeder's goals, both in general and with respect to the breeding pair in question. You should be comfortable that the breeder will be a resource available to you in future years.

Remember...in all likelihood you will choose a breeder or breeders months before the puppies are actually born. Since most breeders have waiting lists, you are truly choosing a breeder and not choosing a puppy. Thus, it becomes absolutely critical that you ask the right questions so you can make an informed decision. Although not an exhaustive list, the following questions are an excellent start. Don't plan to rattle through every question with every breeder. Instead, use the questions that are really important to you to help narrow the list. Then, as the breeders get to know you better, you can continue your education as well.